March 28, 2017 / 20:46
MAKE YOUR OWN CANDLE
Choose the specific type of wax you want to work with. Paraffin has a medium melting point and is great for general use. Bees wax is more expensive than paraffin, however,
1 March 2013 Friday 00:01
Paraffin Wax or Bees Wax
Double Boiling System
Choose the specific type of wax you want to work with. Paraffin has a medium melting point and is great for general use. Bees wax is more expensive than paraffin, however, it burns much longer and has it's own honey-like smell when burnt. If you want to add your own fragrance and color to the wax, you should use paraffin. If you're looking for a more natural look and smell, choose the bees wax.
Using your double boiling system, heat the water to the correct temperature for the wax you're using. Make sure to look up the individual melting temperatures either online or in the instructions that came with your wax as it varies.
Place the wax in the center container of the double boiling system and watch it carefully. It may take a long time to go from liquid to solid, however, once it gets there the temperature rises very quickly! Monitor the temperature frequently using a cooking thermometer (metal). This is the point at which you can add dye or fragrance if using paraffin wax.
Thread your wick through the hole at the bottom of your mold. If your wick is frayed you may have difficulty getting it through the small hole. Try either dipping the end in the hot wax or melting it by applying a small flame just to harden it.
Secure the other end of the wick to a small dowel or stick. Roll the wick up onto the dowel/stick until it is taut from end to end within the mold. This causes the wick to not bunch inside the candle once the wax is poured, and also to keep the wick in the center (necessary to get optimal burning). Some wicks come with metal end pieces while other are simply wick (like string), in which case you would need a wick screw to secure it to the base of the mold.
Use mold sealer around the wick screw at the base of the mold to prevent leaking once the liquid wax is poured.
Pour wax into the mold. This is the first of two pours you will need to make. Once this wax has begun to harden, but is not completely hard, poke several holes around the wick. These are referred to as "relief holes."
Make your final pour into the mold. This final pour will fill in the holes and fill the mold beyond the first pour, giving your candle's top a smooth surface.
The wax cools fairly quickly. You can choose to use a cold bath to speed up this process. Cold baths can also make getting the candle out of the mold a bit easier. For a cold bath, you simply place the full mold upright in a container of cold water. Remove the wick screw from the base, now the candles should slide from the molds. You can trim the wick as desired to make it look a bit more neat on both ends.
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